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Re: Upgrading NetBSD in-place in a clean way

On 1/12/11 2:24 PM, Stefano Marinelli wrote:
Ok, let's suppose I want to upgrade a NetBSD machine without rebooting with 
sysinst and without having the possibility to use the script with the 
I'd do something like that:
1) download the daily (stable, for example) binaries (for example from
2) Untar all the sets on the file system I want to update
3) run etcupdate
4) reboot

Tried that in a test virtual machine and seems to work. But there's a problem: 
what if something has been removed? Untarring the sets doesn't remove the 
(stale) old files, while the etcupdate just deals with the config and startup 
Is there a cleaner way to do it?

You're obviously going to get a lot of different responses to this; here's mine. :) I've been using this method for a long time, and am currently using a version of it in a script that downloads each autobuilt snapshot from, installs, and runs tests against it. It works quite well.

1) download everything in <arch>/binary/sets to stable storage - /var/tmp (not /tmp - don't want it disappearing on reboot! 2) install kernel (say, kern-GENERIC.tgz) and modules sets using pax or tar, making sure to specify the "p" option which preserves permissions:
cd /
pax -zrpe -f /var/tmp/kern-GENERIC.tgz
pax -zrpe -f /var/tmp/modules.tgz
3) reboot so the new kernel is running (this is important during big jumps!)
4) cd /
5) untar all other sets (don't forget -p !)
6) etcupdate -al -s /var/tmp/etc.tgz /var/tmp/xetc.tgz
*** make sure you pay good attention the first few times you do this, and merge any needed
7) run the postinstall command that etcupdate recommends (this removes obsolete bits)
 8) reboot
 9) \o/

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