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Re: Swapped endian filesystem issues

> What do other people usually do about issues like this?

> truck# fsck_ffs -y /dev/rsd1a
> ** /dev/rsd1a
> ** Swapped byte order

> CANNOT READ: BLK 59336270274363392

> Segmentation fault (core dumped)

What's the issue you're talking about?  That the filesystem got
corrupted?  That fsck didn't repair it?  That fsck segfaulted?

59336270274363392 is 0x00d2ce0600000000, which is the byteswap of 
0000000006ced200, which is suspicious.  It's possible there's a missing
byteswap, probably in a little-used (and thus little-tested) code path
(perhaps even just in the CANNOT READ printout!).  It's also possible
the 59336270274363392 is real and constitues the corruption that led to
the panic you mention.

With this little information, it's anyone's guess whether there are
more than two bugs involved or not.  (We know there are at least two,
one that caused the panic and one that crashed fsck_ffs; while it seems
likely filesystem corruption related to the first one is what tickled
the second one, that's actually just a guess at this point.)

> I made a big endian filesystem on an aarch64eb Rasperry Pi, started
> using it heavily, then got a panic.  Tried the fsck on a little
> endian Pi.

Sounds to me as though something corrupted the filesystem worse than
fsck knows how to handle, turning up a bug in fsck.  But, as I noted
above, that is just a guess so far.

> I'll try a little endian filesystem, but I'm curious about what
> others might do in a case like this if the filesystem had files that
> were needed.


First, I'd check the backup.  (If I don't have a backup, whatever was
on there obviously wasn't very important to begin with.)

If that fails (it's possible the corruption got copied to the backup
before the crash), I'd try mounting it read-only, probably from a
single-user boot, and seeing if the system could survive copying the
important file(s) off of it.  If not, I'd drag out my tar variant,
which has its own FFS code; it can sometimes extract file contents from
damaged filesystems, and, if it can't, at least it's just a userland
program, which can crash without taking down the whole system.

In case of desperation, I'd start picking apart the FFS data structures

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