[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Old Index]
Re: NetBSD 5.1 TCP performance issue (lots of ACK)
On Mon, Oct 31, 2011 at 09:29:30PM +0000, David Laight wrote:
> On Sat, Oct 29, 2011 at 01:37:40PM -0700, Dennis Ferguson wrote:
> > CPUs in general are allowed to reorder reads, but Intel and AMD
> > x86 CPUs in particular won't do that.
> The rules can also be different for cached v uncached values.
> > The linux rmb() expands to
> > an empty asm() statement, essentially (not quite) a NOP.
> An empty asm statement isn't enough. You need:
> asm volatile ( ::: "memory" )
> to tell gcc that the statement might modify any memory location.
> However, if the data reference is volatile that isn't necessary.
> > There might be another problem, though. If your code looks like
> > volatile int a, b;
> > <. . .>
> > my_a = a;
> > my_b = b;
> > I don't think it is guaranteed that the compiler will generate code
> > which reads a before it reads b. The volatile declarations ensure
> > that a and b will be (re-)read, but don't indicate to the compiler that
> > reads from different locations need to be done in the order you wrote
> > them.
> The volatiles do guarantee the order of the instructions.
> (They don't guarantee the size of the bus cycles)
Perhaps there are differences between GCC in 5.1 and in -current such
that different assembly is generated, but in my recentish -current
sources, I've added volatile to the rx descriptor, and GCC generated the
same assembly as before. It is clear from reading the assembly that the
fields are read in the correct order.
dyoung%pobox.com@localhost Urbana, IL (217) 721-9981
Main Index |
Thread Index |