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Re: IP Multicast
Neel Sheyal wrote:
I have two netbsd hosts both with two NICs.
HOSTA: ex0: 192.168.21.2/24 and ex1: 172.16.18.2/16
HOSTB: ex0: 192.168.22.2/24 and ex1: 172.18.20.2/16
There is an application sending multicast traffic on hostA to
220.127.116.11. There is another application on hostB which is subsribing
to this group.
The application on hostA or hostB does not specific the outgoing
interface for sending traffic or joining. I have also not send the
routing table with the multicast group information.
I might be wrong but peeking into various manpages and specifically
ip(4), you can find this :
For hosts with multiple interfaces, each multicast transmission is
sent from the primary network interface. The IP_MULTICAST_IF option
overrides the default for subsequent transmissions from a given socket:
A host must become a member of a multicast group before it can
receive datagrams sent to the group. To join a multicast group, use the
imr_interface should be INADDR_ANY to choose the default multicast
interface, or the IP address of a particular multicast-capable interface
if the host is multihomed. Membership is associated with a single
interface; programs running on multihomed hosts may need to join the
same group on more than one interface. Up to IP_MAX_MEMBERSHIPS
(currently 20) memberships may be added on a single socket.
How does the OS know which interface to send the multicast traffic as in hostA?
How does the OS know which interface to subscribe to for receiving
multicast traffic as in hostB?
The program handling the multicast traffic (i.e. ospfd) need to make the
socket join the group on specific interface(s), this is according to my
understanding reading ip(4).
I have not tried it.
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