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CVS import: src/external/public-domain/sqlite/dist
Module Name: src
Committed By: christos
Date: Sun Feb 16 18:04:40 UTC 2014
Update of /cvsroot/src/external/public-domain/sqlite/dist
In directory ivanova.netbsd.org:/tmp/cvs-serv29002
from www.sqlite.org: Changes since 3.6.9:
2014-02-11 - Release 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 fixes a bug present in versions 3.8.1, 3.8.2 and 3.8.3
that can cause queries to omit valid out rows. Upgrading from those versions is
The problem only comes up if SQLite is compiled with either the
SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 compile-time options. In that case,
if a query has a WHERE clause that contains expressions like this:
WHERE (expr1 OR expr2 OR ... OR exprN) AND column IS NOT NULL
Where all of expr1 through exprN are suitable for use by indexes, then during
query planning SQLite might mistakenly converted the "column IS NOT NULL" term
into "column>NULL". But the latter term is never true, and so the query would
return no rows.
The trouble ticket for this bug is [4c86b126f2]. It is recommended that all
users upgrade to avoid this problem.
2014-02-03 - Release 3.8.3
SQLite version 3.8.3 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. Upgrading
from the previous release is optional.
The most visible change in version 3.8.3 is the addition of support for common
table expressions. It is now possible to write a single SELECT statement that
will query a tree or graph, using either a depth-first or a breadth-first
search. A single SQLite query will even solve Sudoku puzzles or compute the
Mandelbrot set. As part of this change, SQLite now accepts a VALUES clause
anyplace that a SELECT statement is valid.
This release also includes many small performance enhancements which should
give a small speed boost to legacy applications. And there are other minor
enhancements such as the addition of the printf() SQL function. See the change
log for details.
2013-12-06 - Release 3.8.2
SQLite version 3.8.2 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. Upgrading
from the previous release is optional.
Version 3.8.2 adds support for WITHOUT ROWID tables. This is a significant
extension to SQLite. Database files that contain WITHOUT ROWID tables are not
readable or writable by prior versions of SQLite, however databases that do not
use WITHOUT ROWID tables are fully backwards and forwards compatible.
The 3.8.2 release contains a potentially incompatible change. In all prior
versions of SQLite, a cast from a very large positive floating point number
into an integer resulted in the most negative integer. In other words,
CAST(+99.9e99 to INT) would yield -9223372036854775808. This behavior came
about because it is what x86/x64 hardware does for the equivalent cast in the C
language. But the behavior is bizarre. And so it has been changed effective
with this release so that a cast from a floating point number into an integer
returns the integer between the floating point value and zero that is closest
to the floating point value. Hence, CAST(+99.9e99 to INT) now returns
+9223372036854775807. Since routines like sqlite3_column_int64() do an implicit
cast if the value being accessed is really a floating point number, they are
also affected by this change.
Besides the two changes mentioned above, the 3.8.2 release also includes a
number of performance enhancements. The skip-scan optimization is now available
for databases that have been processed by ANALYZE. Constant SQL functions are
now factored out of inner loops, which can result in a significant speedup for
queries that contain WHERE clause terms like "date>datetime('now','-2 days')".
And various high-runner internal routines have been refactored for reduced CPU
2013-10-17 - Release 3.8.1
SQLite version 3.8.1 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. Upgrading
from the previous release is optional, though you should upgrade if you are
using partial indices as there was a bug related to partial indices in the
previous release that could result in an incorrect answer for count(*) queries.
The next generation query planner that was premiered in the previous release
continues to work well. The new query planner has been tweaked slightly in the
current release to help it make better decisions in some cases, but is largely
unchanged. Two new SQL functions, likelihood() and unlikely(), have been added
to allow developers to give hints to the query planner without forcing the
query planner into a particular decision.
Version 3.8.1 is the first SQLite release to take into account the estimated
size of table and index rows when choosing a query plan. Row size estimates are
based on the declared datatypes of columns. For example, a column of type
VARCHAR(1000) is assumed to use much more space than a column of type INT. The
datatype-based row size estimate can be overridden by appending a term of the
form "sz=NNN" (where NNN is the average row size in bytes) to the end of the
sqlite_stat1.stat record for a table or index. Currently, row sizes are only
used to help the query planner choose between a table or one of its indices
when doing a table scan or a count(*) operation, though future releases are
likely to use the estimated row size in other contexts as well. The new PRAGMA
stats statement can be used to view row size estimates.
Version 3.8.1 adds the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 compile-time option. STAT4 is very
similar to STAT3 in that it uses samples from indices to try to guess how many
rows of the index will be satisfy by WHERE clause constraints. The difference
is that STAT4 samples all columns of the index whereas the older STAT3 only
sampled the left-most column. Users of STAT3 are encouraged to upgrade to
STAT4. Application developers should use STAT3 and STAT4 with caution since
both options, by design, violate the query planner stability guarantee, making
it more difficult to ensure uniform performance is widely-deployed and
mass-produced embedded applications.
2013-09-03 - Release 22.214.171.124
SQLite version 126.96.36.199 contains a one-line fix to a bug in the new optimization
that tries to omit unused LEFT JOINs from a query.
2013-08-29 - Release 188.8.131.52
SQLite version 184.108.40.206 fixes some obscure bugs that were uncovered by users in
the 3.8.0 release. Changes from 3.8.0 are minimal.
2013-08-26 - Release 3.8.0
Do not fear the zero!
SQLite version 3.8.0 might easily have been called "3.7.18" instead. However,
this release features the cutover of the next generation query planner or NGQP,
and there is a small chance of breaking legacy programs that rely on undefined
behavior in previous SQLite releases, and so the minor version number was
incremented for that reason. But the risks are low and there is a query planner
checklist is available to application developers to aid in avoiding problems.
SQLite version 3.8.0 is actually one of the most heavily tested SQLite releases
ever. Thousands and thousands of beta copies have be downloaded, and presumably
tested, and there have been no problem reports.
In addition to the next generation query planner, the 3.8.0 release adds
support for partial indices, as well as several other new features. See the
change log for further detail.
2013-05-20 - Release 3.7.17
SQLite version 3.7.17 is a regularly schedule maintenance release. Visit the
change log for a full explanation of the changes in this release.
There are many bug fixes in version 3.7.17. But this does not indicate that
3.7.16 was a problematic release. All of the bugs in 3.7.17 are obscure and are
unlikely to impact any particular application. And most of the bugs that are
fixed in 3.7.17 predate 3.7.16 and have been in the code for years without ever
before being noticed. Nevertheless, due to the large number of fixes, all users
are encouraged to upgrade when possible.
2013-04-12 - Release 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 fixes a long-standing flaw in the Windows OS interface
that can result in database corruption under a rare race condition. See
http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/7ff3120e4f for a full description of the problem.
As far as we know, this bug has never been seen in the wild. The problem was
discovered by the SQLite developers while writing stress tests for a separate
component of SQLite. Those stress tests have not yet found any problems with
the component they were intended to verify, but they did find the bug which is
the subject of this patch release.
Other than updates to version numbers, the only difference between this release
and 22.214.171.124 is a two-character change in a single identifier, which is
contained in the windows-specific OS interface logic. There are no changes in
this release (other than version numbers) for platforms other than Windows.
2013-03-29 - Release 126.96.36.199
SQLite version 188.8.131.52 is a bug fix release that fixes a few problems that
were present in the previous releases.
The primary motivation for version 184.108.40.206 is to fix a bug in the query
optimizer that was introduced as part of version 3.7.15. The query optimizer
was being a little overzealous in optimizing out some ORDER BY clauses, which
resulted in sorting being omitted on occasions where sorting is required to get
the correct answer. See ticket a179fe7465 for details.
In addition to the ORDER BY fix, several other patches to fix obscure (and
mostly harmless) bugs and to fix spelling errors in source code comments are
also included in this release.
2013-03-18 - Release 3.7.16
SQLite version 3.7.16 is a regularly scheduled release of SQLite. This release
contains several language enhancements and improvements to the query optimizer.
A list of the major enhancements and optimizations can be see on the change log.
There was one important bug fix (see Ticket fc7bd6358f) that addresses an
incorrect query result that could have occurred in a three-way join where the
join constraints compared INTEGER columns to TEXT columns. This issue had been
in the code for time out of mind and had never before been reported, so we
surmise that it is very obscure. Nevertheless, all users are advised to upgrade
to avoid any future problems associated with this issue.
2013-01-09 - Release 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 is a patch release that fixes a single bug that was
introduced in version version 3.7.15. The fix is a 4-character edit to a single
line of code. Other than this 4-character change and the update of the version
number, nothing has changed from version 22.214.171.124.
2012-12-19 - Release 126.96.36.199
SQLite version 188.8.131.52 is a patch release that fixes a single bug that was
introduced in version version 3.7.15. The fix involved changing two lines of
code and adding a single assert(). This release also includes some new test
cases to prevent a regression of the bug, and the version number is increased,
of course. But otherwise, nothing has changed from version 3.7.15.
2012-12-12 - Release 3.7.15
SQLite version 3.7.15 is a regularly schedule release of SQLite. This release
contains several improvements to the query planner and optimizer and one
important bug fix. This is the first release to officially support Windows 8
The important bug fix is a problem that can lead to segfaults when using shared
cache mode on a schema that contains a COLLATE operator within a CHECK
constraint or within a view. Collating functions are associated with individual
database connections. But a pointer to the collating function was also being
cached within expressions. If an expression was part of the schema and
contained a cached collating function, it would point to the collating function
in the database connection that originally parsed the schema. If that database
connection closed while other database connections using the same shared cache
continued to operate, they other database connections would try to use the
deallocated collating function in the database connection that closed. The fix
in version 3.7.15 was to not cache collating function pointers in the
expression structure but instead look them up each time a new statement is
This release also contains some important enhancements to the query planner
which should (we hope) make some queries run faster. The enhancements include:
When doing a full-table scan, try to use an index instead of the original
table, under the theory that indices contain less information and are thus
smaller and hence require less disk I/O to scan.
Enhance the IN operator to allow it to make use of indices that have numeric
Do a better job of recognizing when an ORDER BY clause can be implemented using
indices - especially in cases where the ORDER BY clause contains terms from two
or more tables in a join.
2012-10-04 - Release 184.108.40.206
SQLite version 220.127.116.11 is a patch release. Changes from the baseline version
3.7.14 are minimal and are restricted to fixing three bugs.
One of the fixed bugs is a long-standing issue with the TCL interface. Another
is an external compiler bug that SQLite merely works around and that only comes
up if you are using the VisualStudio-2012 compiler to generate WinRT
applications on ARM with optimizations enabled. The third problem is an SQLite
core bug, introduced in version 3.7.14, that can cause a segfault if a query
contains a LEFT JOIN that contains an OR in the ON clause.
2012-09-03 - Release 3.7.14
SQLite version 3.7.14 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release of SQLite.
The previous release continues to work well. Upgrading is optional.
Version 3.7.14 drops native support for OS/2. We are not aware of any active
projects that were using SQLite on OS/2 and since the SQLite developers had no
way of testing on OS/2 it seemed like it was time to simply remove the OS/2
code from the SQLite tree. If there are OS/2 projects out there that still need
SQLite support, they can continue to maintain their own private VFS which can
be linked to SQLite at start-time using the sqlite3_vfs_register() interface.
The sqlite3_close_v2() interface has been added. The sqlite3_close_v2()
interface differs from sqlite3_close() in that it is designed to work better
for host language that use a garbage collector. With the older sqlite3_close()
interface, the associated prepared statements and sqlite3_backup objects must
be destroyed before the database connection. With the newer sqlite3_close_v2()
interface, the objects can be destroyed in any order.
This release also includes performance improvements to the sort algorithm that
is used to implement ORDER BY and CREATE INDEX. And the query planner has been
enhanced to better use covering indices on queries that use OR terms in the
2012-06-11 - Release 3.7.13
SQLite version 3.7.13 adds support for WinRT and metro style applications for
Microsoft Windows 8. The 3.7.13 release is coming sooner than is usual after
the previous release in order to get this new capability into the hands of
developers. To use SQLite in a metro style application, compile with the
-DSQLITE_OS_WINRT flag. Because of the increased application security and
safety requirements of WinRT, all database filenames should be full pathnames.
Note that SQLite is not capable of accessing databases outside the installation
directory and application data directory. This restriction is another security
and safety feature of WinRT. Apart from these restrictions, SQLite should work
exactly the same on WinRT as it does on every other system.
Also in this release: when a database is opened using URI filenames and the
mode=memory query parameter then the database is an in-memory database, just as
if it had been named ":memory:". But, if shared cache mode is enabled, then all
other database connections that specify the same URI filename will connect to
the same in-memory database. This allows two or more database connections (in
the same process) to share the same in-memory database.
This release also includes some corner-case performance optimizations that are
obscure yet significant to an important subset of SQLite users. Getting these
performance optimizations into circulation quickly is yet another reason for
making this release so soon following the previous.
The next release of SQLite is scheduled to occur after the usual 2 or 3 month
2012-05-22 - Patch Release 18.104.22.168
SQLite version 22.214.171.124 is a patch release for version 3.7.12 that fixes a bug
that was introduced in version 3.7.12 and that can cause a segfault for certain
obscure nested aggregate queries. There are very few changes in 126.96.36.199, and
upgrading is only needed for applications that do nested aggregate queries.
2012-05-14 - Version 3.7.12
SQLite version 3.7.12 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. This
release contains several new optimizations and bug fixes and upgrading is
recommended. See the change summary for details.
2012-03-20 - Version 3.7.11
SQLite version 3.7.11 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release which was
rushed out early due to a bug in the query optimizer introduced in the previous
release. The bug is obscure - it changes a LEFT JOIN into an INNER JOIN in some
cases when there is a 3-way join and OR terms in the WHERE clause. But it was
considered serious enough to rush out a fix. Apart from this one problem,
SQLite version 3.7.10 has not given any trouble. Upgrading to version 3.7.11
from versions 188.8.131.52, 3.7.7, 184.108.40.206, 3.7.8, or 3.7.9 is optional. Upgrading
from other releases, including the previous release 3.7.10, is recommended.
Other enhancements found in this release are enumerated in the change log.
2012-01-16 - Version 3.7.10
SQLite version 3.7.10 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. Upgrading
from version 220.127.116.11, 3.7.7, 18.104.22.168, 3.7.8, or 3.7.9 is optional. Upgrading
from other releases is recommended.
The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE mechanism has been replaced with
SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2. If you do not know what this mechanism is (it is an
extreme corner-case and is seldom used) then this change will not effect you in
The default schema format number for new database files has changed from 1 to
4. SQLite has been able to generate and read database files using schema format
4 for six years. But up unto now, the default schema format has been 1 so that
older versions of SQLite could read and write databases generated by newer
versions of SQLite. But those older versions of SQLite have become so scarce
now that it seems reasonable to make the new format the default.
SQLite is changing some of the assumptions it makes above the behavior of disk
drives and flash memory devices during a sudden power loss. This change is
completely transparent to applications. Read about the powersafe overwrite
property for additional information.
Lots of new interfaces have been added in this release:
The PRAGMA cache_size statement has been enhanced. Formerly, you would use this
statement to tell SQLite how many pages of the database files it should hold in
its cache at once. The total memory requirement would depend on the database
page size. Now, if you give PRAGMA cache_size a negative value -N, it will
allocate roughly N kibibytes of memory to cache, divided up according to page
size. This enhancement allows programs to more easily control their memory
There have been several obscure bug fixes. One noteworthy bug, ticket
ff5be73dee, could in theory result in a corrupt database file if a power loss
occurred at just the wrong moment on an unusually cantankerous disk drive. But
that is mostly a theoretical concern and is very unlikely to happen in
practice. The bug was found during laboratory testing and has never been
observed to occur in the wild.
2011-11-01 - Version 3.7.9
SQLite version 3.7.9 is a regularly scheduled maintenance release. Upgrading
from version 22.214.171.124, 3.7.7, 126.96.36.199, and 3.7.8 is optional. Upgrading from
other versions is recommended.
The SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 compile-time option is now a no-op. The enhanced
query-planner functionality formerly available using SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is now
available through SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3. The enhanced query planning is still
disabled by default. However, future releases of SQLite might convert STAT3
from an enable-option to a disable-option so that it is available by default
and is only omitted upon request.
The FTS4 full-text search engine has been enhanced such that tokens in the
search string that begin with "^" must be the first token in their respective
columns in order to match. Formerly, "^" characters in the search string were
simply ignored. Hence, if a legacy application was including "^" characters in
FTS4 search strings, thinking that they would always be ignored, then those
legacy applications might break with this update. The fix is simply remove the
"^" characters from the search string.
See the change summary for additional changes associated with this release.
2011-September-19 - Version 3.7.8
SQLite version 3.7.8 is a quarterly maintenance release. Upgrading from
versions 188.8.131.52, 3.7.7, or 184.108.40.206 is optional. Upgrading from other versions
This release features a new "external merge sort" algorithm used to implement
ORDER BY and GROUP BY and also to presort the content of an index for CREATE
INDEX. The new algorithm does approximately the same number of comparisons and
I/Os as before, but the I/Os are much more sequential and so runtimes are
greatly reduced when the size of the set being sorted is larger than the
filesystem cache. The performance improvement can be dramatic - orders of
magnitude faster for large CREATE INDEX commands. On the other hand, the code
is slightly slower (1% or 2%) for a small CREATE INDEX. Since CREATE INDEX is
not an operation that commonly occurs on a speed-critical path, we feel that
this tradeoff is a good one. The slight slowdown for small CREATE INDEX
statements might be recovered in a future release. ORDER BY and GROUP BY
operations should now be faster for all cases, large and small.
The query planner has been enhanced to do a better job of handling the DISTINCT
keyword on SELECT statements.
There has been a lot of work on the default VFSes. The unix VFS has been
enhanced to include more overrideable system calls - a feature requested by
Chromium to make it easier to build SQLite into a sandbox. The windows VFS has
been enhanced to be more resistant to interference from anti-virus software.
Every version of SQLite is better tested than the previous, and 3.7.8 is no
exception to this rule. Version 3.7.8 has been used internally by the SQLite
team for mission critical functions and has performed flawlessly. And, of
course, it passes our rigorous testing procedures with no problems detected.
Version 3.7.8 is recommended for all new development.
2011-06-28 - Version 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 adds a one-line bug fix to 3.7.7 to fix a problem
causing PRAGMA case_sensitive_like statements compiled using the legacy
sqlite3_prepare() interface to fail with an SQLITE_SCHEMA error. Because
sqlite3_exec() uses sqlite3_prepare() internally, the problem also affects
Upgrading from 3.7.7 is only required for applications that use "PRAGMA
case_sensitive_like" and the sqlite3_prepare() (or sqlite3_exec()) interface.
2011-06-24 - Version 3.7.7
SQLite version 3.7.7 is a regularly scheduled bi-monthly maintenance release.
Upgrading from version 22.214.171.124 is optional. Upgrading from all prior releases
This release adds support for naming database files using URI filenames. URI
filenames are disabled by default (for backwards compatibility) but
applications are encouraged to enable them since incompatibilities are likely
to be exceedingly rare and the feature is useful. See the URI filename
documentation for details.
Most of the other enhancements in this release involve virtual tables. The
virtual table interface has been enhanced to support SAVEPOINT and ON CONFLICT
clause processing, and the built-in RTREE and FTS3/FTS4 have been augmented to
take advantage of the new capability. This means, for example, that it is now
possible to use the REPLACE command on FTS3/FTS4 and RTREE tables.
The FTS4 full-text index extension has been enhanced to support the FTS4 prefix
option and the FTS4 order option. These two enhancements are provided in
support of search-as-you-type interfaces where search results begin to appear
after the first keystroke in the "search" box and are refined with each
subsequent keystroke. The way this is done is to do a separate full-text search
after each key stroke, and add the "*" wildcard at the end of the word
currently being typed. So, for example, if the text typed so far is "fast da"
and the next character typed is "t", then the application does a full-text
search of the pattern "fast dat*" and displays the results. Such capability has
always existed. What is new is that the FTS4 prefix option allows the search to
be very fast (a matter of milliseconds) even for difficult cases such as "t*"
There has been a fair amount of work done on the FTS4 module for this release.
But the core SQLite code has changed little and the previous release has not
given any problems, so we expect this to be a very stable release.
2011-05-19 - Version 126.96.36.199
SQLite version 188.8.131.52 is a patch release that fixes a single bug associated
with WAL mode. The bug has been in SQLite ever since WAL was added, but the
problem is very obscure and so nobody has noticed before now. Nevertheless, all
users are encouraged to upgrade to version 184.108.40.206 or later.
The bug is this: If the cache_size is set very small (less than 10) and SQLite
comes under memory pressure and if a multi-statement transaction is started in
which the last statement prior to COMMIT is a SELECT statement and if a
checkpoint occurs right after the transaction commit, then it might happen that
the transaction will be silently rolled back instead of being committed.
The default setting for cache_size is 2000. So in most situations, this bug
will never appear. But sometimes programmers set cache_size to very small
values on gadgets and other low-memory devices in order to save memory space.
Such applications are vulnerable. Note that this bug does not cause database
corruption. It is as if ROLLBACK were being run instead of COMMIT in some cases.
Transactions commit in WAL mode by adding a record onto the end of the WAL (the
write-ahead log) that contains a "commit" flag. So to commit a transaction,
SQLite takes all the pages that have changed during that transaction, appends
them to the WAL, and sets the commit flag on the last page. Now, if SQLite
comes under memory pressure, it might try to free up memory space by writing
changed pages to the WAL prior to the commit. We call this "spilling" the cache
to WAL. There is nothing wrong with spilling cache to WAL. But if the memory
pressure is severe, it might be that by the time COMMIT is run, all changed
pages for the transaction have already been spilled to WAL and there are no
pages left to be written to WAL. And with no unwritten pages, there was nothing
to put the commit flag on. And without a commit flag, the transaction would end
up being rolled back.
The fix to this problem was that if all changed pages has already been written
to the WAL when the commit was started, then page 1 of the database will be
written to the WAL again, so that there will always be a page available on
which to set the commit flag.
2011-04-17 - Version 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 adds a one-line bug fix to 22.214.171.124 that enables pthreads
to work correctly on NetBSD. The problem was a faulty function signature for
the open system call. The problem does not appear to have any adverse impact on
any system other than NetBSD.
Upgrading from version 126.96.36.199 is only needed on NetBSD.
2011-04-13 - Version 188.8.131.52
SQLite version 184.108.40.206 fixes a single bug in 3.7.6 that can cause a segfault if
SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT is used on a unix build that has
SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_MODE set to 0 and is compiled with HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE.
Upgrading from 3.7.6 is only needed for users effected by the
configuration-specific bug described above. There are no other changes to the
2011-04-12 - Version 3.7.6
SQLite version 3.7.6 is a regularly scheduled bi-monthly maintenance release of
SQLite. Upgrading from version 3.7.5 is optional. Upgrading releases prior to
3.7.5 is recommended.
2011-02-01 - Version 3.7.5
SQLite version 3.7.5 is a regularly scheduled bi-monthly maintenance release of
SQLite. Due to the discovery and fix of an obscure bug that could cause
database corruption, upgrading from all prior releases of SQLite is
recommended. This bug was found during code review and has not been observed in
This release adds new opcodes for the sqlite3_db_status() interface that allow
more precise measurement of how the lookaside memory allocator is performing,
which can be useful for tuning in applications with very tight memory
The sqlite3_vsnprintf() interface was added. This routine is simply a varargs
version of the long-standing sqlite3_snprintf() interface.
The output from sqlite3_trace() interface has been enhanced to work better (and
faster) in systems that use recursive extensions such as FTS3 or RTREE.
Testing with Valgrind shows that this release of SQLite is about 1% or 2%
faster than the previous release for most operations.
A fork of the popular ADO.NET adaptor for SQLite known as System.Data.SQLite is
now available on http://System.Data.SQLite.org/. The originator of
System.Data.SQLite, Robert Simpson, is aware of this fork, has expressed his
approval, and has commit privileges on the new Fossil repository. The SQLite
development team intends to maintain System.Data.SQLite moving forward.
2010-12-08 - Version 3.7.4
SQLite version 3.7.4 is a regularly scheduled bi-monthly maintenance release of
SQLite. Upgrading from version 3.7.2 and version 3.7.3 is optional. Upgrading
from all other SQLite releases is recommended.
This release features full-text search enhancements. The older FTS3 virtual
table is still fully supported, and should also run faster. In addition, the
new FTS4 virtual table is added. FTS4 follows the same syntax as FTS3 but holds
additional metadata which facilitates some performance improvements and more
advanced matchinfo() output. Look for further full-text search enhancements in
Also in this release, the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output has been enhanced and new
documentation is provided so that application developers can more easily
understand how SQLite is performing their queries.
Thanks to an account from the folks at http://www.devio.us/, OpenBSD has been
added to the list of platforms upon which we test SQLite prior to every
release. That list of platforms now includes:
Linux x86 & x86_64
MacOS 10.5 & 10.6
MacOS 10.2 PowerPC
WinXP and Win7
The previous release of SQLite (version 3.7.3) has proven to be very robust.
The only serious issue discovered was ticket 80ba201079 that describes an
incorrect query result that can occur under very unusual circumstances. The
ticket description contains details of the problem. Suffice it to say here that
the problem is very obscure and is unlikely to effect most applications and so
upgrading is optional. The problem is fixed, of course, in this release.
2010-October-08 - Version 3.7.3
SQLite version 3.7.3 is a regularly scheduled bi-monthly maintenance release of
SQLite. Upgrading from version 3.7.2 is optional. Upgrading from all other
releases is recommended.
This release adds two new interfaces (really just variations on existing
interfaces). The sqlite3_create_function_v2() interface adds a destructor for
the application-data pointer. The new sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface
allows the soft heap limit to be set to a value greater than 231.
The RTREE extension has been enhanced with the ability to have an
application-defined query region. This might be used, for example, to locate
all objects within the field of view of a camera.
The 3.7.3 release also includes some performance enhancements, including query
planner improvements, documentation updates, and fixes to some very obscure
2010-August-24 - Version 3.7.2
SQLite version 3.7.2 fixes a long-standing bug that can cause the database
free-page list to go corrupt if incremental_vacuum is used multiple times to
partially reduce the size of a database file that contains many hundreds of
unused database pages. The original bug reports together with links to the
patch that fixes it can be seen here.
This bug has been in the code for at least a year and possibly longer. The bug
has nothing to do with the versions 3.7.1 or 3.7.0 or any other recent release.
The fact that the bug was discovered (and fixed) within hours of the 3.7.1
release is purely a coincidence.
The bug is impossible to hit without using incremental_vacuum and is very
difficult to hit even with incremental_vacuum. And the kind of corruption that
the bug causes can usually be fixed simply by running VACUUM. Nevertheless,
because the bug can result in database corruption, it is recommended that all
SQLite users upgrade to version 3.7.2 or later.
2010-August-23 - Version 3.7.1
SQLite version 3.7.1 is a stabilization release for the 3.7.x series. Other
than the filesize-in-header bug that was fixed in version 220.127.116.11, no major
problems have been seen in 3.7.0. Some minor corner-case performance
regressions have been fixed. A typo in the OS/2 interface has been repaired.
A biggest part of the 3.7.1 release is a cleanup and refactoring of the pager
module within SQLite. This refactoring should have no application-visible
effects. The purpose was to reorganize the code in ways that make it easier to
The 3.7.1 release adds new experimental methods for obtained more detailed
memory usage information and for controlling database file fragmentation. And
the query planner now does a better job of optimizing the LIKE and GLOB
This release increases the maximum size of database pages from 32KiB to 64KiB.
A database with 64KiB pages will not be readable or writable by older versions
of SQLite. Note that further increases in page size are not feasible since the
file format uses 16-bit offsets to structures within each page.
2010-August-04 - Version 18.104.22.168
SQLite version 22.214.171.124 is a patch release to fix a bug in the new
filesize-in-header feature of the SQLite file format that could cause database
corruption if the same database file is written alternately with version 3.7.0
and version 126.96.36.199 or earlier. A performance regression was also fixed in
2010-07-22 - Version 3.7.0
SQLite version 3.7.0 is a major release of SQLite that features a new
transaction control mechanism using a write-ahead log or WAL. The traditional
rollback-journal is still used as the default so there should be no visible
change for legacy programs. But newer programs can take advantage of improved
performance and concurrency by enabling the WAL journaling mode.
SQLite version 3.7.0 also contains some query planner enhancements and a few
obscure bug fixes, but the only really big change is the addition of WAL mode.
2010-03-30 - Version 188.8.131.52
SQLite version 184.108.40.206 is a patch release to fix a bug in the offsets()
function of FTS3 at the request of the Mozilla.
2010-03-09 - Version 3.6.23
SQLite version 3.6.23 is a regular bimonthly release of SQLite. Upgrading from
the prior release is purely optional.
This release contains new pragmas: the secure_delete pragma, and the
compile_options pragma. There are a new SQL functions:
sqlite_compileoption_used() and sqlite_compileoption_get(). New C/C++
interfaces: sqlite3_compileoption_used(), sqlite3_compileoption_get(),
SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, and sqlite3_log().
This release also includes several minor bug fixes and performance
improvements. Support for SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT is enhanced. There are
on-going improvements to FTS3.
The ".genfkey" command in the Command Line Interface has been removed. SQLite
has supported standard SQL foreign key constraints since version 3.6.19 and so
the ".genfkey" command was seen as an anachronism.
2010-01-06 - Version 3.6.22
SQLite version 3.6.22 is a bug-fix release. Two bugs have been fixed that might
cause incorrect query results.
Ticket 31338dca7e describes a problem with queries that have a WHERE clause of
the form (x AND y) OR z where x and z come from one table of a join and y comes
from a different table.
Ticket eb5548a849 describes a problem where the use of the CAST operator in the
WHERE clause can lead to incorrect results if the column being cast to a new
datatype is also used in the same WHERE clause without being cast.
Both bugs are obscure, but because they could arise in an application after
deployment, it is recommended that all applications upgrade SQLite to version
This release also includes other minor bug fixes and performance enhancements,
especially in the FTS3 extension.
2009-12-07 - Version 3.6.21
SQLite version 3.6.21 focuses on performance optimization. For a certain set of
traces, this version uses 12% fewer CPU instructions than the previous release
(as measured by Valgrind). In addition, the FTS3 extension has been through an
extensive cleanup and rework and the sqlite3_trace() interface has been
modified to insert bound parameter values into its output.
2009-11-04 - Version 3.6.20
SQLite version 3.6.20 is a general maintenance release. The query planner has
been enhanced to work better with bound parameters in LIKE and GLOB operators
and in range constraints and various minor bugs have been fixed. Upgrading from
3.6.19 is optional.
2009-10-14 - Version 3.6.19
SQLite version 3.6.19 adds native support for foreign key constraints,
including deferred constraints and cascading deletes. Enforcement of foreign
keys is disabled by default for backwards compatibility and must be turned on
using the foreign_keys pragma.
Version 3.6.19 also adds support for the IS and IS NOT operators. Formerly,
SQLite (as most other SQL database engines) supported IS NULL and IS NOT NULL.
The IS and IS NOT operators are generalizations that allow the right-hand side
to be an arbitrary expression. IS and IS NOT work the same as == (equals) and
!= (not equals) except that with IS and IS NOT the NULL values compare equal to
2009-09-11 - Version 3.6.18
Beginning with this release, the SQLite source code is tracked and managed
using the Fossil distributed configuration management system. SQLite was
previously versioned using CVS. The entire CVS history has been imported into
Fossil. The older CVS repository remains on the website but is read-only.
There are two major enhancements in SQLite version 3.6.18. The first is a
series or refinements to the query planner that help SQLite to choose better
plans for joins where in the past it was selecting suboptimal query plans. The
SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 compile-time option has been added to cause SQLite to
collect histogram data on indices when the ANALYZE command is run. The use of
histograms improve the query planning performance even more.
The second major enhancement is that SQLite now support recursive triggers. The
older non-recursive behavior of triggers is still the default behavior.
Recursive triggers are activated using the recursive_triggers pragma. In
addition to allowing triggers to call themselves (either directly or
indirectly) the new capability also fires DELETE triggers on rows that are
removed from a table as a result of REPLACE conflict resolution processing.
Non-recursive triggers are still the default behavior since this is least
likely to cause problems for existing applications. However, we anticipate that
triggers will become recursive by default beginning with release 3.7.0. At that
point, applications that want to continue using the older non-recursive trigger
behavior will need to use the recursive_triggers pragma to disable recursive
This version of SQLite also contains bug fixes, though none of the bugs are
serious and all are obscure, so upgrading is optional.
The SQLite core continues to have 100% branch test coverage and so despite the
many changes in this release, the developers believe that this version of
SQLite is stable and ready for production use.
2009-08-10 - Version 3.6.17
This is a monthly maintenance release with a focus of bug fixes, performance
improvements, and increased test coverage. This is the first release of SQLite
since 100% branch test coverage was achieved on the SQLite core.
In addition, a new interface sqlite3_strnicmp() is provided for the convenience
of extension writers.
None of the bugs fixed in this release are serious. All bugs are obscure.
Upgrading is optional.
2009-07-25 - 100% Branch Test Coverage
A subset of the TH3 test suite was measured by gcov to provide 100% branch test
coverage over the SQLite core (exclusive of the VFS backend and of extensions
such as FTS3 and RTREE) when compiled for SuSE 10.1 Linux on x86. The SQLite
developers pledge to maintain branch test coverage at 100% in all future
releases. Ongoing work will strive for 100% branch test coverage on the
operating-system backends and extensions as well.
2009-06-27 - Version 3.6.16
SQLite version 3.6.16 is another general maintenance release containing
performance and robustness enhancements. A single notable bug was fixed (ticket
#3929). This bug cause cause INSERT or UPDATE statements to fail on indexed
tables that have AFTER triggers that modify the same table and index.
2009-06-15 - Version 3.6.15
SQLite version 3.6.15 is a general maintenance release containing performance
and robustness enhancements and fixes for various obscure bugs.
2009-05-25 - Version 220.127.116.11
SQLite version 18.104.22.168 fixes an obscure bug in the code generator (ticket
#3879) section of SQLite which can potentially cause incorrect query results.
The changes from the prior release consist of only this one bug fix, check-in
 and a change to the version number text.
The bug was introduced in version 3.6.14. It is recommended that users of
version 3.6.14 and 22.214.171.124 upgrade to this release. Applications are unlikely
to hit this bug, but since it is difficult to predict which applications might
hit it and which might not, we recommend that all users of 3.6.14 and 126.96.36.199
upgrade to this release.
2009-05-19 - Version 188.8.131.52
SQLite version 184.108.40.206 is a patch release to version 3.6.14 with minimal
changes that fixes three bugs. Upgrading is only necessary for users who are
impacted by one or more of those bugs.
2009-05-07 - Version 3.6.14
SQLite version 3.6.14 provides new performance enhancements in the btree and
pager layers and in the query optimizer. Certain workloads can be as much as
twice as fast as the previous release, though 10% faster is a more typical
Queries against virtual tables that contain OR and IN operators in the WHERE
clause are now able to use indexing.
A new optional asynchronous I/O backend is available for unix and windows. The
asynchronous backend gives the illusion of faster response time by pushing slow
write operations into a background thread. The tradeoff for faster response
time is that more memory is required (to hold the content of the pending
writes) and if a power failure or program crash occurs, some transactions that
appeared to have committed might end up being rolled back upon restart.
This release also contains many minor bug fixes, documentation enhancements,
new test cases, and cleanups and simplifications to the source code.
There is no compelling reason to upgrade from versions 3.6.12 or 3.6.13 if
those prior versions are working. Though many users may benefit from the
Vendor Tag: SQLITE
Release Tags: sqlite-3-8-3-1
1 conflicts created by this import.
Use the following command to help the merge:
cvs checkout -jSQLITE:yesterday -jSQLITE
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