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kern/39770: mount(2) doc enhancements
>Synopsis: mount(2) doc enhancements
>Arrival-Date: Sun Oct 19 20:45:00 +0000 2008
>Originator: Robert Elz
>Release: NetBSD 4.0_STABLE (this is from NetBSD -current within past
Prince of Songkla University
System: NetBSD jade.coe.psu.ac.th 4.0_STABLE NetBSD 4.0_STABLE
(JADE-1.696-20080517) #9: Fri May 23 18:55:13 ICT 2008
The mount(2) manpage fails to document several mount
options. I was looking fro MNT_RELOAD, but when I looked
I foung that MNT_LOG and (shame on me) MNT_HIDDEN were also
missing. Further, the explanations given for several of the
flags were superficial at best (not good enough to allow anyone
to determine th euse of the flag).
I append a patch to src/lib/libc/sys/mount.2
[ I am send-pr'ing this in category kern rather than lib
as mount(2) is a kernel interface, and kern-people are
for more likely to understand the text here (and correct my
errors) than "normal" lib people... ]
Aside from adding the missing flags, I have reordered them to be
in some kind of a rational order (they weren't sorted, and appeared
to have just been thrown in and allowed to fall anywhere).
I have also corrected a few minor wording issues and given
the whole thing a quick cleansing..
In particular, I changed "appeared in version 6 unix" to
"was present in version 6 unix", as I am fairly certain that
mount() was present way earlier than 6th edition, but I doubt anyone
really wants to do the research to find out when mount(2)
really was added to unix. The "Version 6 UNIX" part should
really be changed to "6th Edition UNIX" - back in those times
the system was constantly evolving, there were no specific
versions - but there were occasional printings of the manuals.
What we call "version 6" really means "the system that corresponded
to the 6th edition of the unix programmers manual". That is
not corrected here, as that appears in the macros not in mount(2)
and so should be fixed there, not here. Many other man pages
should have the "s/appeared in/was present in/" change made
I make no claim that the text here is all 100% correct,
though I don't know any of it is incorrect - but I suspect
that it is far more likely for someone who really knows to
fix erroneous text, than to add what is missing.
--- mount.2 2007-12-01 15:57:23.000000000 +0700
+++ mount.2-UPDATED 2008-10-20 03:22:35.000000000 +0700
@@ -80,45 +80,86 @@
.Bl -tag -width MNT_SYNCHRONOUS
.It Dv MNT_RDONLY
The file system should be treated as read-only;
even the super-user may not write on it.
+.It Dv MNT_UNION
+Union with underlying filesystem instead of obscuring it.
+.It Dv MNT_HIDDEN
+.Xr df 1
+program, and perhaps others, to, by default,
+exclude this filesystem from its output.
.It Dv MNT_NOEXEC
Do not allow files to be executed from the file system.
.It Dv MNT_NOSUID
Do not honor setuid or setgid bits on files when executing them.
.It Dv MNT_NODEV
Do not interpret special files on the file system.
-.It Dv MNT_UNION
-Union with underlying filesystem instead of obscuring it.
-.It Dv MNT_SYNCHRONOUS
-All I/O to the file system should be done synchronously.
-.It Dv MNT_ASYNC
-All I/O to the file system should be done asynchronously.
.It Dv MNT_NOCOREDUMP
Do not allow programs to dump core files on the file system.
.It Dv MNT_NOATIME
Never update access time in the file system.
-.It Dv MNT_SYMPERM
-Recognize the permission of symbolic link when reading or traversing.
.It Dv MNT_NODEVMTIME
Never update modification time of device files.
+.It Dv MNT_SYMPERM
+Recognize the permission of symbolic link when reading or traversing.
+.It Dv MNT_SYNCHRONOUS
+All I/O to the file system should be done synchronously.
+This will slow I/O performance considerably, but
+enhances overall filesystem reliability.
+.It Dv MNT_ASYNC
+All I/O to the file system should be done asynchronously.
+This vastly improves I/O throughput,
+but at a cost of making the filesystem likely to be
+completely unrecoverable should the system crash while
+unwritten data is pending in kernel buffers.
.It Dv MNT_SOFTDEP
Use soft dependencies.
+This enhanced system performance in many cases compared
+to a default mount,
+\fIi.e.\fP one neither
+.Dv MNT_SYNCHRONOUS ,
+by carefully sequencing meta-data writes to achieve the
+effect achieved by a default mount causing many meta-data
+writes to be synchronous.
+.It Dv MNT_LOG
+Use a filesystem journal.
+This is incompatible with, and overrides,
+.Dv MNT_SOFTDEP .
+causes a journal (or log) to be created in the
+filesystem, creating a record of meta-data writes to be
+performed, allowing the actual writes to be deferred.
+This improves performance in most cases.
+.Dv MNT_UPDATE ,
flags indicate that the mount command is being applied
to an already mounted file system.
flag allows the mount flags to be changed without requiring
that the file system be unmounted and remounted.
+A conversion from read-write to read-only will fail if any files
+are currently open for writing on the filesystem, unless the
+flag is also applied.
Some file systems may not allow all flags to be changed.
-most file systems will not allow a change from read-write to read-only.
+some file systems will not allow a change from read-write to read-only.
+flag causes kernel filesystem data to be reloaded from
+the filesystem device.
+It is only permitted on filesystems mounted read-only.
+Its purpose is to notify the system that the filesystem
+data has been modified by some external process.
flag does not alter any of the mounted filesystem's properties,
but returns the filesystem-specific arguments for the currently mounted
@@ -127,9 +168,15 @@
argument defines the type of the file system.
The types of file systems known to the system are defined in
-.Aq Pa sys/mount.h .
+.Aq Pa sys/mount.h ,
+and those supported by the current running kernel obtained
+.Xr sysctl 8
+to obtain the node
+.\" .Bd -literal -offset indent
.\" XXX from lite-2:
.\" The types of filesystems known to the system can be obtained with
.\" .Xr sysctl 8
.\" by using the command:
@@ -230,9 +277,11 @@
will fail when one of the following occurs:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EPERM
-The caller is not the super-user.
+The caller is not the super-user,
+and ordinary user mounts are not permitted or
+this particular request violates the rules.
.It Bq Er ENAMETOOLONG
A component of a pathname exceeded
characters, or an entire path name exceeded
@@ -252,9 +301,11 @@
is not a directory.
.It Bq Er EBUSY
Another process currently holds a reference to
-.Fa dir .
+.Fa dir ,
+or for an update from read-write to read-only
+there are files on the filesystem open for writes.
.It Bq Er EFAULT
points outside the process's allocated address space.
@@ -359,8 +410,9 @@
mount can also fail if the maximum number of file systems are currently
.Sh SEE ALSO
+.Xd df 1 ,
.Xr getvfsstat 2 ,
.Xr nfssvc 2 ,
.Xr getmntinfo 3 ,
.Xr symlink 7 ,
@@ -373,14 +425,14 @@
.Fn unmount )
-function calls appeared in
+function calls were all present in
.At v6 .
Prior to NetBSD 4.0 the
-call was used to NFS export filesystems.
+call was used to export NFS filesystems.
This is now done through
.Fn nfssvc .
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