Subject: Re: bin/560: ls -i returns incorrect inodes on symlinks and root dirs
To: None <>
From: John Kohl <>
List: netbsd-bugs
Date: 11/07/1994 21:34:07
>>>>> "GW" == I can teach you how to fish <> writes:

GW> Tried that.  Bought the OS. :-)
GW> Seriously, though, "ls -Li" produces no different results.

GW> Take for example /usr.  In /, the entry "usr" should have a different
GW> inum than usr/. and usr/..; this is shown when on most other systems
GW> one does "ls -i /" versus "ls -id /usr".

My take on this:  When you mount a file system, the root of the newly
mounted filesystem replaces the mounted-over directory.  Perhaps it was
still slightly visible in previous BSD releases, but now it's only
visible through the major/minor device numbers as returned by stat(2),
and not by the inode number that ls(1) managed to squeak out of some
system call previously.

I am surprised to hear that ls(1) on older BSD systems give you the
inumber of the mounted-over directory!