tech-kern archive

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Old Index]

Re: kprempt, pmap_load() and copy*

On Sun, Jun 19, 2011 at 05:53:21PM +0100, David Laight wrote:
> On Sun, Jun 19, 2011 at 06:38:40PM +0200, Manuel Bouyer wrote:
> > Hello,
> > I have a question about the kernel copy* function vs lazy pmap switching
> > and kernel preemption.
> > on amd64, lazy pmap switching is used: pmap_activate() just sets a per-cpu
> > variable ci_want_pmapload to 1; the pmap is really loaded on the cpu
> > just in time (i.e. when returning to userland, or something in the
> > kernel needs it).
> > The copyin/copyout & friend checks ci_want_pmapload and call do_pmap_load()
> > before doing the work. do_pmap_load() will disable kernel preemtion
> > before calling pmap_load() reenable it after and let kernel preemtion
> > occur if needed. Before returning, do_pmap_load() checks ci_want_pmapload
> > again and loops back to the beggining.
> > 
> > Now, what happens if preemtion and pmap switching occurs after that, while
> > the copy* functions are working ? what is making sure that the right
> > pmap is loaded again before returning to the interrupted copy* function ?
> > Either the check before return in do_pmap_load() is not needed, or
> > we can potentially copy data to/from the wrong user process here ...
> Hmmm.... lets see... thinks ...
> copyin/out can fault or be interrupted, both can cause a process switch.
> So there ought to be code somewhere (probably in the return from trap/intr
> code) that will restore the pmap to allow the copy to continue.
> This would rather indicate that the end of copyin/out ought to be clearing
> a 'need process's pmap' flag.
> Not looked ...

This is precisely this logic that I didn't find for the interrupt case.
There is the onfault_table[] which contains critical sections and is used in
trap() to know if the fault comes from one of the copy routines.
It's not used outside of trap(), and wouldn't cover the case of
interrupt in the copy routine but outside of the *_start/*_end labels.

AFAIK i386 has the same issue; this could explain the occasional (but
very rare) user process SIGSEGV I'm seeing on one server.

Manuel Bouyer <>
     NetBSD: 26 ans d'experience feront toujours la difference

Home | Main Index | Thread Index | Old Index