Subject: [simonb-timecounters] branch updated & status
To: None <email@example.com>
From: Frank Kardel <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 06/03/2006 13:24:54
The simonb-timecounters branch was synced to head on 20060531.
Currently the ports i386, amd64, sparc and sparc64 have been converted
I am out of test-accessible hardware now... so...
I sketched what is needed to convert a port to timecounters.
A current version of the description and the current status
of the time counter project can be found on
below is a copy if the section describing the conversion:
Converting a port to Timecounters
Ideally all ports should be converted to timecounters so that the old
microtime implementation can be completely retired and we can get rid of
the dual code (__HAVE_TIMECOUNTER). The requirements for timecounter
support are minimal. The porting strategies are as follows:
Common steps to perform:
1. #define __HAVE_TIMECOUNTER in arch/<arch>/include/types.h
2. register a struct timecounter timecountername with
tc_init(&timecountername) during/close to clock interrupt
3. implement the timecounter reading function (referred to in
4. remove any support/references to cc_microtime/kern_microtime.c
5. correct initial time setting (eg. inittodr()).
struct time is gone. the current second is found in time_second,
the mono time seconds value is in time_uptime.
time setting is achieved by calling tc_setclock(struct timespec *)
6. compile & test.
Requirements for timecounter implementations:
* fixed frequency incrementing counter wrapping at a power of two.
* counter must not wrap within 2/hz - if the counter is wrapping too
fast consider increasing hz (e.g. ELAN SC520 boards need a HZ of
150 to utililze the counter in that architecture)
* if no hardware counters exist for microtime interpolation then a
port may quickly be converted by fixing the setting of the clock
and defining __HAVE_TIMECOUNTER as a default timecounter
"clockinterrupt" based on clock ticks is always registered.
* count down counters must be converted to up counting ones (result
= MAX_COUNT - current_count). see arch/i386/isa/clock.c for the
* counters not wrapping at a power of two need to be converted. see
also arch/i386/isa/clock.c for examples.
* you need splhigh() guards when you need to manipulate/access state
that is updated by clock interrupts or by counter reading. This
includes chip access (address, data phases) and local state
manipulation for emulation of power of two timers.
* for MP operation you need to insure that the returned counter
values are consistent across cpus. either a single and atomically
readable hw counter is available or the cpu local counter can be
scaled to match the counter on CPU_PRIMARY(ci). see
arch/x86/x86/tsc.c for example. otherwise locking needs to be