Subject: init problem [was: Re: Tests of mdsetimage -s]
To: Marcin Jessa <>
From: Hubert Feyrer <>
List: tech-embed
Date: 04/02/2005 16:02:13
On Sat, 2 Apr 2005, Marcin Jessa wrote:
> I copied over /sbin/init to my image's /sbin/oinit and it still does not execute ...
> warning: no /dev/console
> exec /sbin/init: error 8
> init: trying /sbin/oinit
> Then it just hangs ...

There are two problems here:
#1: no /dev/console
#2: /sbin/init giving error 8

For #1: Either you populate /dev on your disk properly, or you don't. In 
the latter case, init(8) (which gets ran by the kernel, at least normally 
:) does some mfs magic and runs some MAKEDEV script on it's own. If you 
make your own helloworld-style init program, chances are good that all 
that just won't happen, and thus things fail mysteriously.

For #2: This is the problem that your init(8) doesn't get loaded in the 
first place. Error 8 means (according to /usr/include/sys/errno.h):

 	#define ENOEXEC         8               /* Exec format error */

i.e. the kernel cannot load either your /sbin/init, or (my wild guess) 
there's some trouble with shared libraries. Is /libexec/ld.elf_so there? 
Execute permissions ok? Are all the libraries there? Permissions ok? ...

Having a look at the exec(3) manpage and what it has to say about ENOEXEC 
may be of interest too:

      If the header of a file isn't recognized (the attempted execve(2)
      returned ENOEXEC), these functions will execute the shell with the path
      of the file as its first argument.  (If this attempt fails, no further
      searching is done.)

Just for kicks, is your /bin/sh ok? (Not that that code path should be 
entered here in the first place...).

Other questions that come to mind (and which may help you debugging:
What does "file init" say?
What does "ldd init" say?
(Running both on the build system should be OK)

  - Hubert

NetBSD - Free AND Open!      (And of course secure, portable, yadda yadda)