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bin/48017: awk(1) fails to treat var as integer (may be related to #47840)

>Number:         48017
>Category:       bin
>Synopsis:       awk(1) fails to treat var as integer (may be related to #47840)
>Confidential:   no
>Severity:       critical
>Priority:       high
>Responsible:    bin-bug-people
>State:          open
>Class:          sw-bug
>Submitter-Id:   net
>Arrival-Date:   Fri Jul 05 18:55:00 +0000 2013
>Originator:     Steffen
>Release:        6.99.19 (shouldn't matter)
NetBSD nhead 6.99.19 NetBSD 6.99.19 (GENERIC) #0: Sun Apr 28 17:23:09 UTC 2013 
... (amd64)
Note first that i see this also on Mac OS X Snow Leopard and FreeBSD 10.  I've 
not tested GNU awk yet.

I have code (the S-CText thing) that uses awk(1) to generate test data.
The problem in question happens for UnicodeData.txt, which is parsed like that:

## Input producers

io_unicode_data() {
   < unicode/UnicodeData.txt ${TAWK} '
      BEGIN {FS = ";" ; OFS = ";"}
      # There are no comments in this, but..
      /^[[:space:]]*[^#]+$/ {
         i = $2
         # Ranges must become unrolled, otherwise step on
         if (i !~ /, First>/) {
            $2 = ""

         r1 = sprintf("%d", "0x" $1)
         r2 = sprintf("%d", "0x" $1)
         $2 = ""
         # This gets around a bug in at least "awk version 20070501" as found
         # on Slow Leopard: there the range F0000-FFFFD, and only that one,
         # will *not* be evaluated unless we do this (once property test came)
         # XXX presumably the type system is a bit weird; check other AWKs!
         sprintf("%X %X", r1, r2)
This exact problem also occurs for the NetBSD awk(1).
Note that there are half a dozen or so ranges, and all get expanded properly, 
yet this very and only range not (the while() doesn't execute).
         while (r1 <= r2) {
            $1 = sprintf("%X", r1)
            printf "%s\n", $0
Well; git clone S-CText and type `make ucd' with and without `sprintf("%X %X", 
r1, r2)', see the difference.

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