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Re: kern/47676: Off-by-one error in reported CD capacity means last sector cannot be read
The following reply was made to PR kern/47676; it has been noted by GNATS.
From: Reinoud Zandijk <reinoud%NetBSD.org@localhost>
To: Mark <markk%clara.co.uk@localhost>
Cc: gnats-bugs%netbsd.org@localhost, gnats-admin%netbsd.org@localhost,
Subject: Re: kern/47676: Off-by-one error in reported CD capacity means last
sector cannot be read
Date: Fri, 29 Mar 2013 23:02:26 +0100
On Thu, Mar 28, 2013 at 07:08:18PM -0000, Mark wrote:
> For some drives/discs that would mean getting an error message near the
> end if you try to do
> dd if=/dev/rcd0c of=image.iso bs=2048
> But at least all readable sectors would be read.
True, and answering your later question on run-out blocks: no they are
adressable but NOT readable, a big mistake IMHO that they made.
Run-out blocks are the blocks that are needed to fill up the 7 (IIRC) sector
lower level blocking that goes on in CDs. For CD-RW its 32 and for DVD-* its
16. Run-out sectors themselves on CD-R(W) can't be read but the few sectors
before them in the packet are.
> The later MMC spec (I looked at ftp://ftp.seagate.com/sff/INF-8090.PDF
> page 783) doesn't allow the returned highest LBA to be greater than the
> actual highest LBA for non-CD media. It has this to say about CD media:
> "For CD media, the logical unit shall use the AAh point found in the last
> Table of Contents, convert to an LBA, and subtract one. If that block is a
> run-out block (found on incrementally recorded CD-R and CD-RW), the
> logical unit shall subtract two."
BRRR... the horrors haunt me again :) They seem to always create a -ROM first
and then later bodge -R and -RW/-RE versions *sigh*
It would explain the 2 less reported. Hmm i could make the code check the disc
type and if its a CD-R(W) make it DTRT but it won't be pretty. On recorders I
use the newer READ_TRACKINFO but aparently they haven't fixed it there either,
at least in some drives.
It needs more thought aparently, though i hope to fix it ASAP before 6.2 gets
rolled out or 7 gets forked.
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