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Re: bin/37493: /bin/sh exits if shift fails, but shouldn't

On Sun, 25 May 2008, David Holland wrote:
>  > >How-To-Repeat:
>  > $ sh -c 'set -ex; shift || echo failed.'
>  > + shift
>  > shift: can't shift that many

> I'm thinking that shift should be changed to an ordinary builtin
> instead of a special builtin. But I'm not sure what other implications
> this might have. Would someone who understands the finer points of sh
> like to comment?

shift is required to be a special built-in utility

According to one part of SUSv3, syntax errors in
special built-in utilities are permitted, but
not required, to make the shell exit immediately

According to another part of SUSv3, an "option or operand error"
in a special built-in utility means that the shell must exit
I think that trying to shift too many parameters would fall under this

> Also... ksh exhibits the same behavior. So, apparently, does the
> original Bourne shell. bash and zsh do not. Which makes it unclear if
> it's really a bug or not, too...

I say "not a bug".

--apb (Alan Barrett)

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