Subject: Announcing NetBSD 4.0
To: None <>
From: Geert Hendrickx <>
List: netbsd-announce
Date: 12/19/2007 14:57:51
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Announcing NetBSD 4.0


   The  NetBSD  Project  is  pleased  to announce that release 4.0 of the
   NetBSD  operating  system  is now available. NetBSD is a free, secure,
   and  highly  portable Unix-like Open Source operating system available
   for  many  platforms, from 64-bit Opteron machines and desktop systems
   to  handheld  and  embedded  devices.  Its  clean  design and advanced
   features   make   it   excellent   in  both  production  and  research
   environments,  and  it  is  user-supported  with complete source. Many
   applications  are easily available through pkgsrc, the NetBSD Packages

   Major  achievements in NetBSD 4.0 include support for version 3 of the
   Xen  virtual  machine  monitor, Bluetooth, many new device drivers and
   embedded  platforms  based  on ARM, PowerPC and MIPS CPUs. New network
   services  include  iSCSI target (server) code and an implementation of
   the  Common  Address  Redundancy  Protocol.  Also, system security was
   further  enhanced  with  restrictions  of  mprotect(2)  to enforce W^X
   policies,  the Kernel Authorization framework, and improvements of the
   Veriexec  file  integrity  subsystem,  which can be used to harden the
   system  against trojan horses and virus attacks. Please read below for
   a list of changes in NetBSD 4.0.

   NetBSD  4.0  runs  on  54  different system architectures featuring 17
   machine  architectures  across  17 distinct CPU families, and is being
   ported  to  more.  The  NetBSD  4.0  release  contains complete binary
   releases  for 51 different machine types, with the platforms amigappc,
   bebox  and  ews4800mips  released in source form only. Complete source
   and  binaries  for NetBSD 4.0 are available for download at many sites
   around  the  world.  A  list of download sites providing FTP, AnonCVS,
   SUP,  and  other services is provided at the end of this announcement;
   the  latest  list  of  available  download  sites may also be found at We encourage users who wish to install
   via a CD-ROM ISO image to download via BitTorrent by using the torrent
   files  supplied in the ISO image area. A list of hashes for the NetBSD
   4.0  distribution  has been signed with the well-connected PGP key for
   the NetBSD Security Officer:

   NetBSD is free. All of the code is under non-restrictive licenses, and
   may  be used without paying royalties to anyone. Free support services
   are available via our mailing lists and website. Commercial support is
   available   from   a   variety   of   sources;   some  are  listed  at     More     extensive
   information on NetBSD is available from our website:


   NetBSD  4.0  is dedicated to the memory of Jun-Ichiro "itojun" Hagino,
   who  died  in  October  2007. Itojun was a member of the KAME project,
   which  provided  IPv6  and  IPsec support; he was also a member of the
   NetBSD  core  team (the technical management for the project), and one
   of  the  Security  Officers.  Due  to Itojun's efforts, NetBSD was the
   first  open  source  operating  system  with  a  production ready IPv6
   networking  stack,  which  was included in the base system before many
   people  knew  what  IPv6 was. We are grateful to have known and worked
   with  Itojun,  and  we  know  that  he will be missed. This release is
   therefore dedicated, with thanks, to his memory.


   We would like to remind everyone that the Fundraising Campaign 2007 is
   still  underway,  but  it  will soon be over with the end of the year.
   With  this  release,  we would like to call all NetBSD users to send a
   Christmas  present  to  the project. You can help us to improve NetBSD
   even more - donate!

System families supported by NetBSD 4.0

   The NetBSD 4.0 release provides supported binary distributions for the
   following systems:

   NetBSD/acorn26   Acorn Archimedes, A-series and R-series systems
   NetBSD/acorn32   Acorn RiscPC/A7000, VLSI RC7500
   NetBSD/algor     Algorithmics, Ltd. MIPS evaluation boards
   NetBSD/alpha     Digital/Compaq Alpha (64-bit)
   NetBSD/amd64     AMD family processors like Opteron, Athlon64, and Intel
                    CPUs with EM64T extension
   NetBSD/amiga     Commodore Amiga and MacroSystem DraCo
   NetBSD/arc       MIPS-based machines following the Advanced RISC Computi=
   NetBSD/atari     Atari TT030, Falcon, Hades
   NetBSD/cats      Chalice Technology's CATS and Intel's EBSA-285 evaluati=
   NetBSD/cesfic    CES FIC8234 VME processor board
   NetBSD/cobalt    Cobalt Networks' MIPS-based Microservers
   NetBSD/dreamcast Sega Dreamcast game console
   NetBSD/evbarm    Various ARM-based evaluation boards and appliances
   NetBSD/evbmips   Various MIPS-based evaluation boards and appliances
   NetBSD/evbppc    Various PowerPC-based evaluation boards and appliances
   NetBSD/evbsh3    Various Hitachi Super-H SH3 and SH4-based evaluation
                    boards and appliances
   NetBSD/hp300     Hewlett-Packard 9000/300 and 400 series
   NetBSD/hp700     Hewlett-Packard 9000 Series 700 workstations
   NetBSD/hpcarm    StrongARM based Windows CE PDA machines
   NetBSD/hpcmips   MIPS-based Windows CE PDA machines
   NetBSD/hpcsh     Hitachi Super-H based Windows CE PDA machines
   NetBSD/i386      IBM PCs and PC clones with i386-family processors and up
   NetBSD/ibmnws    IBM Network Station 1000
   NetBSD/iyonix    Castle Technology's Iyonix ARM based PCs
   NetBSD/landisk   SH4 processor based NAS appliances
   NetBSD/luna68k   OMRON Tateisi Electric's LUNA series
   NetBSD/mac68k    Apple Macintosh with Motorola 68k CPU
   NetBSD/macppc    Apple PowerPC-based Macintosh and clones
   NetBSD/mipsco    MIPS Computer Systems Inc. family of workstations and
   NetBSD/mmeye     Brains mmEye multimedia server
   NetBSD/mvme68k   Motorola MVME 68k Single Board Computers
   NetBSD/mvmeppc   Motorola PowerPC VME Single Board Computers
   NetBSD/netwinder StrongARM based NetWinder machines
   NetBSD/news68k   Sony's 68k-based "NET WORK STATION" series
   NetBSD/newsmips  Sony's MIPS-based "NET WORK STATION" series
   NetBSD/next68k   NeXT 68k "black" hardware
   NetBSD/ofppc     OpenFirmware PowerPC machines
   NetBSD/pmax      Digital MIPS-based DECstations and DECsystems
   NetBSD/pmppc     Artesyn's PM/PPC board
   NetBSD/prep      PReP (PowerPC Reference Platform) and CHRP machines
   NetBSD/sandpoint Motorola Sandpoint reference platform
   NetBSD/sbmips    Broadcom SiByte evaluation boards
   NetBSD/sgimips   Silicon Graphics' MIPS-based workstations
   NetBSD/shark     Digital DNARD ("shark")
   NetBSD/sparc     Sun SPARC (32-bit) and UltraSPARC (in 32-bit mode)
   NetBSD/sparc64   Sun UltraSPARC (in native 64-bit mode)
   NetBSD/sun2      Sun Microsystems Sun 2 machines with Motorola 68010 CPU
   NetBSD/sun3      Motorola 68020 and 030 based Sun 3 and 3x machines
   NetBSD/vax       Digital VAX
   NetBSD/x68k      Sharp X680x0 series
   NetBSD/xen       The Xen virtual machine monitor

   Ports  available  in  source  form  only  for this release include the

   NetBSD/amigappc    PowerPC-based Amiga boards
   NetBSD/bebox       Be Inc's BeBox
   NetBSD/ews4800mips NEC's MIPS-based EWS4800 workstation

Major Changes Between 3.0 and 4.0

   The  complete  list  of  changes  can  be  found  in  the  CHANGES and
   CHANGES-4.0 files in the top level directory of the NetBSD 4.0 release
   tree. Some highlights include:


     * agr(4): new pseudo-device driver for link level aggregation.
     * IPv6 support was extended with an RFC 3542-compliant API and added
       for gre(4) tunnels and the tun(4) device.
     * An  NDIS-wrapper  was  added  to use Windows binary drivers on the
       i386 platform, see ndiscvt(8).
     * The  IPv4 source-address selection policy can be set from a number
       of algorithms. See "IPSRCSEL" in options(4) and in_getifa(9).
     * Imported  wpa_supplicant(8)  and  wpa_cli(8). Utilities to connect
       and handle aspects of 802.11 WPA networks.
     * Imported hostapd(8). An authenticator for IEEE 802.11 networks.
     * carp(4):  imported  Common  Address  Redundancy  Protocol to allow
       multiple   hosts   to  share  a  set  of  IP  addresses  for  high
       availability / redundancy, from OpenBSD.
     * ALTQ support for the PF packet filter.
     * etherip(4):  new  EtherIP  tunneling  device.  It's able to tunnel
       Ethernet  traffic  over  IPv4  and IPv6 using the EtherIP protocol
       specified in RFC 3378.
     * ftpd(8) can now run in standalone mode, instead of from inetd(8).
     * tftp(1)  now has support for multicast TFTP operation in open-loop
       mode, server is in progress.
     * tcp(4): added support for RFC 3465 Appropriate Byte Counting (ABC)
       and Explicit Congestion Notification as defined in RFC 3168.

File systems

     * scan_ffs(8),  scan_lfs(8):  utilities  to  find  FFSv1/v2  and LFS
       partitions to recover lost disklabels on disks and image files.
     * tmpfs:  added  a  new  memory-based file system aimed at replacing
       mfs. Contrary to mfs, it is not based on a disk file system, so it
       is  more  efficient  both in overall memory consumption and speed.
       See mount_tmpfs(8).
     * Added  UDF  support  for  optical  media  and  block  devices, see
       mount_udf(8). Read-only for now.
     * NFS export list handling was changed to be filesystem independent.
     * LFS:  lots of stability improvements and new cleaner daemon. It is
       now also possible to use LFS as root filesystem.
     * vnd(4):  the  vnode disk driver can be used on filesystems such as
       smbfs and tmpfs.
     * Support   for   System   V   Boot   File  System  was  added,  see
       newfs_sysvbfs(8) and mount_sysvbfs(8).


     * Audio:
          + Support for new models on drivers such as Intel ICH8/6300ESB,
            NVIDIA nForce 3/4, etc.
          + Added support for AC'97 modems.
          + auich(4):  added  support  to handle the AC'97 modem as audio
            device, enabled with the kernel option "AUICH_ATTACH_MODEM".
          + azalia(4): added support for S/PDIF.
     * Hardware Monitors:
          + amdpm(4):  added support for the i2c bus on the AMD-8111 used
            on  many  Opteron  motherboards  and  for  the Analog Devices
            ADT7464 hardware monitor chip.
          + adt7467c(4):  new  driver  for  Analog  Devices  ADT7467  and
            ADM1030 hardware monitor chips.
          + ipmi(4):   new   driver  for  motherboards  implementing  the
            Intelligent  Platform  Management  Interface 1.5 or 2.0, from
          + it(4):  new  driver  for iTE 8705F/8712F and SiS 950 hardware
          + The lm(4) driver was rewritten and support for more chips was
            added, for example for Winbond W83627HF, W83627THF, W83627DHG
            and Asus AS99127F.
          + owtemp(4): new driver for the 1-Wire temperature sensors.
          + tmp121temp(4):  new  driver  for the Texas Instruments TMP121
            temperature sensor.
          + ug(4):  new  driver  for Abit uGuru hardware monitor found on
            newer Abit motherboards.
     * Miscellaneous:
          + geodewdog(4): new AMD Geode SC1100 Watchdog Timer driver.
          + gscpcib(4): new AMD Geode SC1100 PCI-ISA bridge that provides
            support for the GPIO interface.
     * Networking:
          + ath(4):  updated  HALs  with  support  for WiSOC (AR531x) and
            32bit SPARC.
          + bge(4):  added  support  for  the  following  chips: BCM5753,
            BCM5753M,  BCM5715,  BCM5754,  BCM5755  and BCM5787. Numerous
            improvements and bugfixes were made too.
          + kse(4): new driver for Micrel KSZ8842/8841 PCI network cards.
          + msk(4):  new  driver  for  Marvell  Yukon  2 GigE PCI network
            cards, from OpenBSD.
          + nfe(4):  new driver for NVIDIA nForce Ethernet network cards,
            from OpenBSD.
          + ral(4):  new  802.11  driver  for  PCI/Cardbus Ralink RT2500,
            RT2501, RT2600, RT2661 and RT2500 USB chipsets, from OpenBSD.
          + rum(4):  new  802.11  driver for USB Ralink RT2501 and RT2601
            chipsets, from OpenBSD.
          + sip(4): now works on sparc64.
          + tlp(4): added support for ASIX AX88140A and AX88141.
          + vr(4): added support for the VIA Rhine III.
          + wm(4):  added  support  for  i8003,  ICH8,  ICH9  and others.
            Support for IPv6 Rx TCP/UDP Checksum Offloading and more.
          + wpi(4):  new driver for Intel PRO/Wireless 3945ABG PCI 802.11
            network cards, from OpenBSD.
     * Security:
          + glxsb(4):  new driver for the AMD Geode LX AES Security Block
            that  provides  random  numbers  and  AES  acceleration, from
     * Power Management:
          + Support for Intel Speedstep SMI on PIIX4 PCI-ISA for i386.
          + Support  for  AMD  PowerNow and Cool'n'Quiet Technology on K7
            and  K8  CPUs  (both in 32 and 64 bit mode), including Athlon
            Mobile,  Athlon64,  Opteron  or  X2.  See options(4) for more
          + Support  for  more  Enhanced  Speedstep  CPUs,  including VIA
            C7/Eden and Intel Core Solo/Duo/Duo2. See options(4) for more
          + The  Enhanced Speedstep and PowerNow drivers were modified to
            be  able  to be scaled in all CPUs available, saving power on
            SMP systems.
     * Storage:
          + ahcisata(4):  new  driver for AHCI 1.0 and 1.1 compliant SATA
          + ataraid(4):  added support to handle Adaptec HostRAID and VIA
            V-Tech software RAID.
          + ciss(4): new driver for HP/Compaq 5th+ generation Smart ARRAY
            controllers, from OpenBSD.
          + fdc(4):  added  support  for  SBus based sparc64 machines and
            fixed formatting on sparc.
          + gcscide(4):  new  driver  for  the AMD Geode CS5535 Companion
            Device IDE controller.
          + jmide(4):  new  driver  for JMicron Technology JMB36x PCIe to
            SATA II/PATA controllers.
          + mfi(4):  new  driver  for  LSI  Logic  and  Dell MegaRAID SAS
            controllers, from OpenBSD.
          + mpt(4): added support for newer SAS and similar devices.
          + njata(4):  new  driver  for  Workbit  NinjaATA-32 CardBus IDE
          + pdcsata(4): added support for the Promise PDC20775, PDC20771,
            PDC40518, PDC40718 and some bugfixes.
          + piixide(4):  added  support for some ICH8/ICH8-M/ICH9 IDE and
            SATA controllers.
          + svwsata(4):  new  driver for Serverworks K2 SATA controllers,
            from OpenBSD.
          + viaide(4)  added  support for the VIA VT8237A SATA controller
            and AMD CS5536 Companion Device IDE Controller.
     * USB:
          + ucycom(4):  new  driver  for  Cypress  microcontroller  based
            serial devices.
          + uipaq(4): new driver for the iPAQ devices.
          + uslsa(4):  new  driver  for Silicon Labs CP210x series serial
          + utoppy(4):  new  driver  for  the Topfield TF5000PVR range of
            digital video recorders.


     * i386:
          + Added support for the for Multiboot specification. This means
            much  improved  support  for  loading  the  kernel  by  GRUB,
            including passing in parameters to the kernel.
          + Added  the  unichromefb  framebuffer driver that supports the
            VIA Unichrome Graphics adapter.
          + vesafb(4):  added  new  framebuffer driver that supports VESA
            BIOS (VBE) 2.0 extensions and up.
          + Added ability to boot from the cd9660 file system to the BIOS
            bootloader. This adds the ability to load much bigger kernels
            and the option of selecting different kernels at boot time.
     * evbarm:  new  platform support for Arcom Viper PXA255-based single
       board,  Atmark  Techno  Armadillo-9  and  Armadillo-210,  Certance
       CP-3100,  Linksys  NSLU2  (a.k.a.  "Slug") and I-O DATA HDL-G Giga
       LANDISK NAS devices.
     * evbmips:  added  support  for  Alchemy Au1550 processors, DBAu1550
       boards,  Alchemy  Au15XX  PCI  host,  (OMS-AL400/128)  and Atheros
       AR5312 SoC.
     * New port ews4800mips: NEC's MIPS based EWS4800 workstations.
     * cobalt: added support for booting off raidframe RAID1 mirrors.
     * hpcmips:  added  the  teliosio(4)  driver for the Sharp Telios LCD
       screen and Battery unit.
     * New  port landisk: port to the SH4 processor based NAS appliances,
       supporting  models  by  I-O DATA (USL-5P, HDL-U, HDL-AV, HDL-W and
       HDLM-U  series,  SuperTank  LAN Tank, UHDL-160U and UHDL-300U) and
       Plextor PX-EH16L, PX-EH25L and PX-EH40L.
     * macppc:  this port has gained support to use accelerated wsdisplay
       drivers  by default (if possible), and uses the appropriate driver
       rather than the Generic Open Firmware Framebuffer.
     * prep:  this  port  has  been  modernized,  and  support  for  five
       additional  machines  has  been added, among them the IBM 7024-E20
       and  7025-F30  models  and  Motorola  Powerstack E1. Additionally,
       sysinst   support  was  added,  and  the  bootloader  process  was
       improved,   allowing  easy  installation  and  upgrade  to  future
     * sparc: added support for booting off raidframe RAID1 mirrors.
     * Xen:  support  for  Xen3  domU  and  dom0 (Unprivileged domain and
       domain  0),  including support for hardware virtualization on CPUs
       that support it.

Kernel subsystems

     * Improved Firewire (IEEE1394) support imported from FreeBSD.
     * The  midi(4)  framework got a complete overhaul for better support
       of  Active  Sensing  and  improved  handling of tempo and timebase
     * Added a Bluetooth protocol stack including:
          + hardware drivers: ubt(4) for USB controllers, and bt3c(4) for
            the 3Com Bluetooth PC-Card.
          + socket  based  access  to  the  HCI,  L2CAP,  RFCOMM  and SCO
          + pseudo  drivers  for integrating services on remote Bluetooth
            devices such as Keyboards, Mice and SCO Audio into the NetBSD
            device framework.
       See bluetooth(4), bthset(1) and btpin(1).
     * Imported the bio(4) framework from OpenBSD, to query/control block
       hardware  RAID device controllers. Currently supporting the mfi(4)
     * Kernel uses stateful read-ahead algorithm.
     * dkctl(8)  can  be  used to switch buffer queuing strategies on the
       fly on wd(4) disks, see also bufq(9).
     * fileassoc(9)   is   used   by  Veriexec,  it  adds  in-kernel  and
       file-system independent file meta-data association interface.
     * firmload(9):  an  API  for loading firmware images used by various
       hardware devices.
     * gpio(4): imported General Purpose I/O framework from OpenBSD.
     * onewire(4):  imported  Dallas  Semiconductor  1-wire bus framework
       from OpenBSD.
     * The  proplib(3)  protocol  was  added  for  sending property lists
       to/from the kernel using ioctls.
     * spi(4): new SPI (Serial Peripherial Interface) framework.
     * timecounter(9)  adds  a new time-keeping infrastructure along with
       NTP  API  4  nanokernel  implementation. Almost all platforms were
       changed to support this API.
     * Start of 32bit-Linux-emulation for amd64 (COMPAT_LINUX32).
     * wscons(4)  console  driver  supports  splash  screens,  scrolling,
       progress bar for kernel and boot messages.

   Kernel  interfaces  have  continued to be refined, and more subsystems
   and  device drivers are shared among the different ports. You can look
   for this trend to continue.


     * The  FAST_IPSEC  IPsec implementation was extended to use hardware
       acceleration  for  IPv6,  in  addition to the hardware accelerated
       IPv4  that  was  available  before.  See  fast_ipsec(4)  for  more
     * mprotect(2)  got  restrictions  to enforce W^X policies, from PaX.
       See options(4), sysctl(3), and paxctl(1).
     * GCC 4's support for stack smashing protection (SSP) was enabled by
       adding libssp, see security(8).
     * The  kernel  authorization framework kauth(9) was added, replacing
       the traditional BSD credential management and privileged operation
       access control with an abstract layer, allowing the implementation
       of   various   security  models  either  as  part  of  the  NetBSD
       distribution or as third-party LKMs.
       NetBSD's    kernel    authorization   is   a   hybrid   clean-room
       implementation   of   a  similar  interface  developed  by  Apple,
       extending  its  capabilities  and combining concepts of credential
       inheritance control.


     * 3rd party software updates:
          + BIND 9.4.1-P1
          + OpenSSL 0.9.8e
          + CVS 1.11.22
          + OpenSSH 4.4
          + gettext 0.14.4
          + PF from OpenBSD 3.7
          + (n)awk 20050424
          + Postfix 2.4.5
          + am-utils 6.1.3
          + file 4.21
          + zlib 1.2.3
          + GNU binutils 2.16.1
          + GNU groff 1.19.2
          + IPFilter 4.1.23
          + GNU gcc 4.1.2 prerelease
          + GNU gdb 6.5 (some architectures)
          + NTP 4.2.4p2
          + pppd 2.4.4
     * cdplay(1): added digital transfer mode support.
     * cksum(1) can now verify checksums.
     * csplit(1):  new  utility  that  splits  a  file  into pieces. From
     * identd(1):   added   support  for  forwarding  ident  queries  and
       receiving of proxied ident queries.
     * getent(1): added support for the ethers database.
     * gkermit(1):  new  program  for transferring files using the Kermit
     * mail(1):  added support for Mime and multi-character set handling,
       command line editing and completion.
     * utoppya(1): new utility to interface to the utoppy(4) driver.
     * init(8):  added  support  for  running  multi-user  in  a chroot()
       environment.  Allows  /  file  system  on  e.g., cgd(4), vnd(4) or
       ccd(4) volumes.
     * gpt(8):   new  GUID  partition  table  maintenance  utility,  from
     * iSCSI  target  (server) code added, see iscsi-target(8); Initiator
       (client) code is underway.
     * lockstat(8):  new  command  to display a summary of kernel locking
       events recorded over the lifetime of a called program.
     * ofctl(8):  new  command  to  display  the OpenPROM or OpenFirmware
       device tree for the macppc, shark and sparc64.
     * Various utilities to support Bluetooth were added:
          + btconfig(8) for controller configuration.
          + btdevctl(8)  to  manage  pseudo  devices  relating  to remote
          + bthcid(8) and btpin(1) for authenticating radio connections.
          + sdpd(8) for providing service discovery to remote devices.
          + sdpquery(1) for querying services on remote devices.
          + rfcomm_sppd(1)  to  access  remote  services  over RFCOMM via
            stdio or pty.
          + bthset(1) for making connections to Bluetooth headsets.

   Besides  this  list,  there  have  also been innumerable bug fixes and
   other miscellaneous enhancements of course.

Components removed from NetBSD

   In  this  release  of  NetBSD,  some  software  components  known from
   previous  releases  were  removed from the system. In some cases those
   were  components that are not useful anymore or their utility does not
   justify  maintenance  overhead.  Other  components  were  not  working
   properly and there was lack of interest in fixing them.
     * Sushi was removed from the base system due to lack of interest and
       maintenance.  If  you  really  want it, it is available in the CVS
       repository  at othersrc/usr.sbin/sushi. However, be warned that it
       is unmaintained and is most likely out of date.
     * Vinum  was removed due to lack of interest and maintenance. At the
       time  of  removal,  it had several known serious issues (including
       not  being  compilable). RAIDframe provides similar functionality.
       If you were using Vinum you will need to back up your data, delete
       the  Vinum  partitions,  create  RAIDframe partitions, and restore
       your  data  to  them.  Details  about  RAIDframe  can  be found in
       raid(4), raidctl(8), and the NetBSD Guide.
     * Sendmail  was  removed.  Postfix  is  the  MTA  and  provides  the
       sendmail(1)  command  line  tool.  Postfix  has been included with
       NetBSD  since  NetBSD  1.5  was released in December 2005. Details
       about Postfix can be found in the NetBSD Guide. For those who need
       Sendmail,  it  is  available  from pkgsrc in the mail/sendmail and
       mail/sendmail813 packages.
     * NETCCITT  and  NETNS  were  removed  due  to  lack of interest and
       maintenance. They had known serious issues (including being out of
       date  with  respect to other network code) and there were no known
       users  at  the  time  of their removal. Unfortunately, there is no
       replacement or option for them.
     * UUCP  was  removed.  The  NetBSD improvements were merged into the
       pkgsrc  version.  For those who use UUCP tools, they are available
       from  pkgsrc  in  the  net/uucp  package.  The  cu(1)  command  is
       available as a frontend to tip(1).
     * The Fortran 77 compiler (g77) has been removed with the transition
       from GCC 3 to GCC 4, which does not include it. For those who need
       it, it is available from pkgsrc in the lang/gcc3-f77 package.
     * The  evbsh5  port  has  been  removed  from  NetBSD due to lack of
       interest, compounded by a lack of available SH5 hardware.


   The  NetBSD  Foundation  would  like  to  thank  all  those  who  have
   contributed  code,  hardware, documentation, funds, colocation for our
   servers,  web  pages and other documentation, release engineering, and
   other  resources  over  the  years. More information on the people who
   make NetBSD happen is available at:

   We  would  like  to  especially  thank the University of California at
   Berkeley  and  the  GNU Project for particularly large subsets of code
   that  we  use.  We  would  also  like  to  thank  the Internet Systems
   Consortium  Inc.,  the  Network  Security Lab at Columbia University's
   Computer   Science  Department,  and  Ludd  (Lule=E5  Academic  Computer
   Society)  computer  society  at  Lule=E5  University  of  Technology for
   current colocation services.

About the NetBSD Foundation

   The  NetBSD  Foundation  was  chartered  in  1995,  with  the  task of
   overseeing  core NetBSD project services, promoting the project within
   industry  and  the  open  source  community,  and holding intellectual
   property rights on much of the NetBSD code base. Day-to-day operations
   of the project are handled by volunteers.

   As  a  non-profit  organization with no commercial backing, The NetBSD
   Foundation  depends  on donations from its users, and we would like to
   ask  you  to  consider  making  a donation to the NetBSD Foundation in
   support  of  continuing  production of our fine operating system. Your
   generous  donation  would  be  particularly  welcome  assistance  with
   ongoing  upgrades  and maintenance, as well as with operating expenses
   for The NetBSD Foundation.

   Donations  can be done via PayPal to <> and are fully
   tax-deductible  in  the  US. If you would prefer not to use PayPal, or
   would    like    to    make   other   arrangements,   please   contact

NetBSD mirror sites

   Please use a mirror site close to you.
     * FTP              -
     * ISO images       -
     * Anonymous CVS    -
     * BitTorrent       -
     * SUP              -
     * CVSup            -
     * rsync            -
     * AFS              -

   Please also note our list of CD-ROM vendors.

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