Subject: Re: Non-BGP multihoming
To: Ken Hornstein <firstname.lastname@example.org>
From: Andreas Wrede <email@example.com>
Date: 10/10/1997 10:28:50
On Fri, 10 Oct 1997 09:59:59 EDT Ken Hornstein writes
> >Paul Vixie published patches for BSD/OS 2.1 which allow for a default
> >route per interface and which remember the interface via which a tcp
> >connection was initiated. See ftp://ftp.vix.com/pub/vixie/ifdefault/
> >for more.
> Okay, I guess I'm just stupid this morning ... what are the gains in
> using this? I have a multihomed machine at home, and I don't see how
> doing this would gain me anything.
> I'm sure there _is_ a gain ... I'd just like to understand it :-)
If a distant host will tcp-connect to your multi-homed machine via the
interface which does not have the default route then your traffic back to
that machine will be routed asymmetrically, ie it will leave through an
interface different from the one it came in on. That means that if the
machine is a web or ftp server, the interface with the default route will
carry all outbound traffic, the other interface will carry none.
Note that the underlying assumption is that the you are connected to two (or
more) difference Autonomous Systems, ie. incoming traffic will actually take
widely different routes.
Andreas Wrede Planix, Inc.
firstname.lastname@example.org Networking, System Administration, Consulting
http://www.planix.com Toronto, Ontario, Canada